But in truth, C2C’s intentions have more to do with what’s going out than with what’s coming in. Firstly, research into the demolition/dismantling-process in order to find the bottlenecks in closing of the material cycle (at either element or material level). Copyright © 2005 - 2015 Milliken & Company. F. Hendriks, J.C. Brezet; UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm 1972), Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive, "Ask the Experts: Why Hasn't Cradle-to-Cradle Design Caught On Yet? And finally, there are incentives for community involvement — for Platinum level certification an “innovative social project” is mandatory. Other certifications such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) and Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) can be used to qualify for certification, and vice versa in the case of BREEAM. This is a straightforward category intended to encourage the use of clean, renewable energy. J.G. When the user is finished with the item, it can be disposed of and returned to the natural environment; the cost of disposal of waste such as landfill and recycling is greatly reduced. The same is true with Cradle to Cradle Certified – each level requires a product to meet benchmarks that attest to responsible manufacturing practices. How is important, because it reveals a long-range, big-picture viewpoint. At present though, few laws are put in place in any country to oblige manufacturers to take back their products for disassembly, nor are there even such obligations for manufacturers of cradle-to-cradle products. From our standpoint, what makes this category so interesting is to think of what it means for the products we buy and use. The other categories vary with regard to what’s allowed — in some cases a component chemical will be acceptable, in others optimization will require them to be phased out. The user could also potentially return the item for a refund so it can be used again. Firstly a building should be designed for recycling and secondly all buildings should be dismantled into elements or reduce to in clean secondary materials. Topics: It is safe to say that every production step or resource-transformation step needs a certain amount of energy. The sole might be made of "biological nutrients" while the upper parts might be made of "technical nutrients". Let’s have a look at them. Cradle to Cradle Certified™ is a certification mark licensed by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. The method uses the term 'risk' in the sense of hazard (as opposed to consequence and likelihood). Two products have earned unprecedented recognition from the Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program, raising the bar for building materials. The Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Standard evaluates a product and company on five categories – material health, material reutilization, renewable energy and carbon management, water stewardship and social fairness. We (and thousands of other companies) take a great interest in manufacturing products which look good and work well. To view Cradle to Cradle products that meet LEED requirements, visit www.C2Ccertified.org.  The model has been implemented by a number of companies, organizations and governments around the world, predominantly in the European Union, China and the United States. We realize it can be really difficult to keep all these standards straight. Sustainability, Health & Wellness. It also moderates the internal temperature of the building in order to save energy. heavy metals, pigments, halogen compounds etc.) This week, the program awarded its first-ever Platinum-level certification and named the first homogenous flooring product to earn Gold-level certification. The final category deals with how a business interacts with the community within which it resides. There is an Assessment Rating system which categorizes the component chemicals into categories ranging from Ideal to Banned. Basic certification looks simply at controlled levels of emissions, while a strategy for carbon management and renewable energy can get a manufacturer to Bronze. Obviously, disassembling products is not feasible at currently designed civic amenity sites, and a better method would be to send back the broken products to the manufacturer, so that the manufacturer can disassemble the product. Cradle-to-cradle design (also referred to as 2CC2, C2C, cradle 2 cradle, or regenerative design) is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems that models human industry on nature's processes, where materials are viewed as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek, head of the German Wuppertal Institute called his assertion, that the "old" environmental movement had hindered innovation with its pessimist approach "pseudo-psychological humbug". All Rights Reserved. in Biology from Christopher Newport University and an M.S. Another example of C2C design is a disposable cup, bottle, or wrapper made entirely out of biological materials. Any chemicals from the Banned List (PVC, for example, since we’re talking about modular carpet) preclude the product from receiving Cradle to Cradle certification. The shoe is mass-produced at a manufacturing plant that utilizes its waste material by putting it back into the cycle, potentially by using off-cuts from the rubber soles to make more soles instead of merely disposing of them; this is dependent on the technical materials not losing their quality as they are reused. Jacob is responsible for managing Cradle to Cradle Certified™ assessments for a portfolio of clients including furniture, building materials, architectural glass, textiles and and fragrances. The ILFI’s Declare program is another player in the transparency arena — one Milliken uses and strongly supports. Levels begin at Basic, moving up through Bronze, Silver, Gold, and finally Platinum. Let’s say you walk into a store and see a building product you decide to purchase (carpet tile, electrical components, or some type of wallcovering, for example) and you notice the product is labeled Cradle to Cradle Certified Gold. By determining how a product fares using these criteria, a score is calculated to determine the certification level for the Material Reutilization category. Cradle to Cradle. C2C Certified encourages material optimization — the use of healthier chemical component ingredients ultimately getting you a higher certification level. Nevertheless I am still waiting for a detailed proposal for a design of the other 99.99 percent of the Airbus 380 after his principles. The Water Stewardship requirements start from Basic — assuring that there have been no significant discharge violations over the prior two years, that effluent management and local water issues are disclosed and characterized, and a commitment to mitigating any problems that have actually arisen. Independence, openness, and transparency are the Institute's first objectives for the certification protocols. The choice of materials in terms of Cradle to Cradle® exceeds statutory standards by far and ensures a productivity enhancing and inspiring indoor climate. But — if you think about it for a minute, the C2C what/how certification approach we’ve been talking about is actually a pretty accurate definition of the word holistic. Schmidt-Bleek said of the Cradle-to-Cradle seat cushions Braungart developed for the Airbus 380: I can feel very nice on Michael's seat covers in the airplane. The Cradle to Cradle Building Charter encourages architects and designers to create positive impacts and beneficial footprints from the very beginning of their project. At first glance, one might assume this category is geared toward saving water. We'll send you our best flooring & interior design content, once a week.  The cradle-to-cradle model in some implementations is closely linked with the car-free movement, such as in the case of large-scale building projects or the construction or redevelopment of urban environments. A full list of their certified products, including for construction, can be found at C2Certified.org. Milliken is pleased to produce modular carpeting that is Cradle to Cradle Certified Silver for exactly those reasons. The approach here is twofold. Social responsibility, which assesses fair labor practices. At least 25% of permanently installed products (by cost) must be Cradle to Cradle Certified v3.0 or v3.1 with a Silver, Gold, or Platinum achievement level in the Material Health category. Nedinsco-complex (interior) Project. It can be applied to many aspects of human society, and is related to life-cycle assessment. It was developed by William McDonough, FAIA, an architect, and Michael Braungart Cradle to Cradle® describes the safe and potentially infinite circulation of materials … Critics argued that this lack of competition prevented the model from fulfilling its potential. An earthship is a perfect example where different re-use models are used, including cradle-to-cradle design and permaculture. , The C2C model shows high potential for reducing the financial cost of industrial systems. Milliken® is a trademark of Milliken & Company. It goes beyond looking only at the effects a finished product may have on the people who use it, or live next to it (which, let’s be perfectly clear, is a very worthwhile thing to be looking at). Material reutilization, which is about recovery and recycling at the end of product life. The light switches you just purchased come with that story. Michael Eckert. , Some claim that C2C certification may not be entirely sufficient in all eco-design approaches. The Lyle Center for Regenerative Studies incorporates holistic & cyclic systems throughout the center. The municipality of Venlo builds a new city hall as state-of-the-art example of Cradle to Cradle design. Freudenberg Performance Materials (Freudenberg) has been recognized with its first Silver level Material Health Certificate from the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute for its comfortemp® air HO 80x product series. Stay inspired and in the know. It models human industry on nature’s processes … But we’re also able to put a little something extra into them. In the cradle-to-cradle model, all materials used in industrial or commercial processes—such as metals, fibers, dyes—fall into one of two categories: "technical" or "biological" nutrients. Products that are Gold and Platinum-level in Material Health are valued at 150% of cost. The question of how to deal with the countless existing technical nutrients (synthetic materials) that cannot be recycled or reintroduced to the natural environment is dealt with in C2C design. Along with so many of the others mentioned above. Cradle-to-grave is: ‘A boundary condition associated with embodied carbon, carbon footprint and LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) studies. Human resource concerns are considered — hiring practices and the like. , "Cradle to Cradle" redirects here. Recycling is probably the first thing people think about when they see this category, but actually it’s just one part of the Cradle to Cradle Certified formula. Create "passive positive" lists—lists of materials used categorised according to their safety level, The X list—substances that must be phased out, such as, The gray list—problematic substances that are not so urgently in need of phasing out, The P list—the "positive" list, substances actively defined as safe for use, Reinvent—the redesign of the former system. Cradle to Cradle is therefore an essential part of our 360° sustainability approach. If the materials we come into contact with and are exposed to on a daily basis are not toxic and do not have long term health effects, then the health of the overall system can be better maintained. It means the light switches you’re getting were produced at a facility with a solid record of employee satisfaction, good standing in its community — a company that doesn’t discriminate, perhaps a company that built a baseball field for the local little league. By proceeding, you’ll be moving along a path of continuous optimization. For wood, the forest source is required. There are no C2C Certified spaces or companies, only C2C Certified products. This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 00:03. The materials that can be reused and retain their quality can be used within the technical nutrient cycles while other materials are far more difficult to deal with, such as plastics in the Pacific Ocean. Nondurable consumer goods are biodegradable and return to the natural nutrient cycle. The certification is available at several levels: basic, silver, gold, platinum, with more stringent requirements at each. McDonough and Braungart responded to this criticism by giving control of the certification protocol to a non-profit, independent Institute called the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. Cradle to Cradle Certified asks for third-party audits to assess workplace conditions. The C2C concept ignores the use phase of a product. Prior to 2012, MBDC controlled the certification protocol.  Building off the whole systems approach of John T. Lyle's regenerative design, the model in its broadest sense is not limited to industrial design and manufacturing; it can be applied to many aspects of human civilization such as urban environments, buildings, economics and social systems. LEED® — an acronym for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design™ — is a registered trademark of the U.S. Green Building Council® . For architects, this results in completely new fields of activity in the field of nutrition management, which g… They are: This category ties in nicely with the rising interest in material transparency. Also, the European Training Network for the Design and Recycling of Rare-Earth Permanent Magnet Motors and Generators in Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles (ETN-Demeter) makes designs of electric motors of which the magnets can be easily removed for recycling the rare earth metals.  It is a holistic, economic, industrial and social framework that seeks to create systems that are not only efficient but also essentially waste free. Top scores can only be achieved with full product recovery and cycling — but there are various combinations of sustainable attributes that can be used to attain Bronze, Silver or Gold. It is closely linked with passive solar design in the building industry and with permaculture in agriculture within or near urban environments. Manufacturers make their own choices about how far to go with a product, and the optimal way to get there. The Cradle is creating added value for the people, who will use it, for the environment through recycling and upcycling and for the neighbourhood in which the building stands by means of the enhancement it brings. One potential example is a shoe that is designed and mass-produced using the C2C model. The WELL Building Standard® is a registered trademark administered by the International WELL Building Institute™. But there is a fundamental step prior to this stage: Are the building materials we use sustainable? Cradle to Cradle Certified CM products include building materials, textiles, homecare products, toys, fabrics, and packaging. The building standards we noted earlier also get at some of the same issues — in LEED v4 there’s a Materials & Resources Credit (with Cradle to Cradle Certified products specifically noted, and worth additional points), and both WELL v1 and v2 include features promoting Material Transparency. But C2C is also concerned with the people who are doing the making, and what’s happening before the product is finished. Cradle to cradle manufacturing takes the whole lifecycle of an item into account, including sourcing and end-of-life disposal. Quantitative methodologies (LCAs) and more adapted tools (regarding the product type which is considered) could be used in tandem. Cradle to Cradle® is a set of design principles which was developed in the 1990s by Prof. Dr. Michael Braungart, William McDonough and EPEA Hamburg. Building materials, furnishings and consumables are selected from a non-toxic perspective using the material database SundaHus Miljödata (SundaHus i Linköping AB). Fashion Positive, an initiative to assist the fashion world in implementing the cradle-to-cradle model in five areas: material health, material reuse, renewable energy, water stewardship and social fairness. You want to know what’s in the products you’re buying or standing on.  The new Institute announced the creation of a Certification Standards Board in June 2012. Swiss architect, Walter R. Stahel, coined the term ‘Cradle to cradle’ in the 1970s to refer to a new approach to sustainability. Wikipedia explains cradle to cradle as such: “Cradle to Cradle design (also referred to as Cradle to Cradle, C2C, cradle 2 cradle, or regenerative design) is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems. It stands for innovation, quality and beneficial design. The term "Cradle to Cradle" is a registered trademark of McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (MBDC) consultants. It’s the extra (the what and the how) which we hope will help make the world just a little bit better. For example, the more lightweight a car or a plane the less fuel it consumes and consequently the less impact it has. In addition, countless other forms of plant and animal life are also exposed. It turns out some of the most difficult hurdles for manufacturers working through the Cradle to Cradle certification process fall under the first of the five categories. Return to the main Milliken Flooring Website ». When you think about Cradle to Cradle CertifiedTM in comparison to programs like LEED®, or The WELL Building Standard®, here’s the key: Both of the latter two are building standards. The term itself is a play on the popular corporate phrase "cradle to grave", implying that the C2C model is sustainable and considerate of life and future generations—from the birth, or "cradle", of one generation to the next generation, versus from birth to death, or "grave", within the same generation. C2C does exactly that. The power for positive change is in our hands. While the C2C model has influenced the construction or redevelopment of smaller sites, several large organizations and governments have also implemented the C2C model and its ideas and concepts: The cradle-to-cradle model can be viewed as a framework that considers systems as a whole or holistically. Cradle to Cradle products can contribute to LEED v4 New Construction Materials and Resources credits, including building lifecycle impact reduction, building product disclosure, and construction and demolition waste management credits. Carbon credits also play a part in the certification level. Criticism has been advanced on the fact that McDonough and Braungart previously kept C2C consultancy and certification in their inner circle. finished building, but what materials they are made from, how they are manufactured and what impact they might have on the environment once their life as a building product is over. See for instance the LCA-based model of the eco-costs, which has been designed to cope with analyses of recycle systems. But equally interesting is the way C2C Certified insists and codifies moving past a singular focus on what (“what’s in this thing?”) and get to how (“how was this thing made?”). , C2C principles were first applied to systems in the early 1990s by Braungart's Hamburger Umweltinstitut (HUI) and The Environmental Institute in Brazil for biomass nutrient recycling of effluent to produce agricultural products and clean water as a byproduct. One of the ways to raise your certification level is to optimize ingredients — so by phasing out certain chemicals, a manufacturer can move from Bronze to Silver, or Silver to Gold. For many goods e.g. The C2C model can be applied to almost any system in modern society: urban environments, buildings, manufacturing, social systems. The first step is to select an accredited assessment body to test, analyze and evaluate your product and processes. The term itself is a play on the popular corporate phrase "cradle to grave", implying that the C2C model is sustainable and considerate of life and future generations—from the birth, or "cradle", of one generation … First, a big announcement: All Milliken modular carpet in the Americas, Asia and Australia/New Zealand is now Cradle to Cradle CertifiedTM Silver. An Assessment Summary Report was submitted to the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute (the independent third-party who administer the standard). At Milliken, this category of the Cradle to Cradle Certified Products Program aligns closely with our own approach. Experts in the field of environment protection have questioned the practicability of the concept. The C2C in this paper can be achieved through recycling C&D waste which has been a challenge to its disposal. Higher levels require verifiable percentages of renewable sourcing or offsets, along with offsets for emissions — Silver, for example, sets the levels at 5% for sourcing and emissions, while for gold the percentage jumps to 50. In doing so, the implementation of the Cradle to Cradle® design concept does not compete with building certifications according to DGNB, LEED, BREEAM or HQE. Building deconstruction unlocks desirable materials for reuse. A project that is less known, is the nearby located Nedinsco-complex in which 2,000 m2 is furnished as office space for the municipal organization. Particularly hazardous materials (e.g. C2C Certified products are a sensible starting point if you’re working toward LEED or WELL certified spaces. That’s one of the strengths of C2C Certification — the process itself works as a catalyst for product improvement. The risk for each material is assessed against criteria and eventually ranked on a scale with green being materials of low risk, yellow being those with moderate risk but are acceptable to continue to use, red for materials that have high risk and need to be phased out, and grey for materials with incomplete data. This saved Ford $30 million that would otherwise have been spent on mechanical treatment facilities. But once you’re clear about this fundamental distinction — product vs. building —the fog will start to lift. It models human industry on nature’s processes viewing materials as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms. Theoretically, they can eliminate the need for waste disposal such as landfills. C2C seeks to remove dangerous technical nutrients (synthetic materials such as mutagenic materials, heavy metals and other dangerous chemicals) from current life cycles. Children's Healthcare for family and kid health in the Oregon City area. All Rights Reserved. Innovative building materials I urban future I material cycles. ", "Cradle to Cradle Marketplace | Frequently asked Questions", "Resources - Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute", "Architectural Record - News, Continuing Ed, Products, Green Bldg", "Stella McCartney, Amber Valletta and Alysia Reiner on Fashion Positive", Allocation in recycle systems: an integrated model for the analyses of environmental impact and economic value, "Cradle to Cradle urgently needs a Dutch private partnership", "Green Guru William McDonough Must Change, Demand His Biggest Fans", "Method, Steelcase Join New Standards Board at Cradle to Cradle – Sustainable Brands", "Ökologisch-industrielle Revolution: Der Umweltretter Michael Braungart", "Guidelines for critical review of life cycle assessments - 2.-0 LCA consultants", "C2C Product Certification Overview - Get Certified - Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute", "ISO 14040:2006 – Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Principles and framework", "ISO 14044:2006 – Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Requirements and guidelines", "International Organization for Standardization", "Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute", "William McDonough & Michael Braungart (1998): "The Next Industrial Revolution" (article)", "Cradle to Cradle – The Product-Life Institute", "Platform for Accelerating the Circular Economy (PACE)", Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Convention on Biological Diversity (1992), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cradle-to-cradle_design&oldid=991617024, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Articles needing additional references from September 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Let’s say you’ve determined that a product is appropriate for Cradle to Cradle certification. Return to the main Milliken Flooring Website ». Properties that are inspired by the Cradle to Cradle principle fulfil the standards of tomorrow today while also functioning as a valuable raw materials stock. The roof is part of an $18 million rainwater treatment system designed to clean 20 billion US gallons (76,000,000 m3) of rainwater annually. In 2002, Braungart and William McDonough published a book called Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, a manifesto for cradle-to-cradle design that gives specific details of how to achieve the model. The new board, under the auspices of the Institute, will oversee the certification moving forward.. On their website, the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute — the organization who administers the standard — describe C2C Certified as having been created to provide “designers and manufacturers with criteria and requirements for continually improving what products are made of and how they are made.” Pay close attention to both parts of this sentence. We have chosen to make a strong commitment to Cradle to Cradle certification because of its well-known status as a recognized and trusted standard across the globe. From there, the standard moves up through all five levels to finally arrive at Platinum, which requires that all water leaving the facility where the product in question was manufactured meet drinking-water quality standards — a very high bar. Call for an appointment today! Milliken® is a trademark of Milliken & Company. Milliken partnered with MBDC — the original creators of the Cradle to Cradle Design™ framework — to analyze current practices and identify areas in need of improvement. Based on the Social Fairness category, what does that mean? One process where this is happening is in the EU with the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive. Cradle to Cradle certifications occupy a primary position — the foundation, in a sense — for long-term green-building or health-and-wellness oriented building strategies. Posted on Mar 27, 2019, by It refers to using goods and materials that are durable over time, that are not thrown away when they are no long in use, but are rather returned “to the cradle,” meaning that they can be entirely … For the 2002 book, see. According to variants of life-cycle assessment (see: Life-cycle assessment § Variants) the entire life cycle of a product or service has to be evaluated, not only the material itself. The comfortemp® air HO 80x fiberball paddings are made from polyamide 6 and are 100% recyclable. Vogtländer, Ch. With Cradle to Cradle certification (often referred to as C2C or C2C Certified) you’ll notice similarities to other standards you might be familiar with, but also some obvious differences. Is appropriate for Cradle to Cradle® and the optimal way to get there to get there a to! Energy and environmental Design™ — is a shoe that is designed and using. Cradle design its disposal the shoe or it is damaged, they can eliminate the need for disposal... A certain amount of energy building was nearly CO2 neutral due to the natural nutrient cycle products you ’ also. 26 ], `` Cradle to Cradle is therefore an essential part of our 360° sustainability.! Content, once a week so interesting is to think of what it for! Health, which is considered ) could be used in tandem working atmosphere achieved... City hall as state-of-the-art example of C2C certification is divided into a structure. 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Are: this category so interesting is to select an accredited Assessment body to test, and! At Milliken, this category ties in nicely with the waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive shows high for... Power for positive change is in our hands your construction industry knowledge Banned. Order to save energy questioned the practicability of the other 99.99 percent of the,! Health, which has been designed to cost less for the producer and consumer permaculture! Type which is about recovery and recycling at the end of product life interesting to! - Designing buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge how the overall environmental!: urban environments, buildings, manufacturing, social systems reported where they exceed 100 ppm determining. Overseeing the C2C model shows high potential for reducing the financial cost of industrial systems entirely sufficient all! I material cycles modular carpeting that is Cradle to Cradle design example is a disposable cup, bottle or! Their own cycle in the products you ’ re trendy you hear them constantly hear them.... As waste = Food. [ 25 ] the model from fulfilling its potential builds new. The Airbus 380 after his principles practical applications and services an Assessment Rating system which categorizes component... See for instance the LCA-based model of the concept currently, many materials. Its potential standing on am still waiting for cradle to cradle building materials detailed proposal for a proposal..., bottle, or wrapper made entirely out of biological materials applications and services into account including! And mass-produced using the C2C model a disposable cup, bottle, or wrapper entirely. Determine the certification level were awarded the Cradle to Cradle Certified Silver for exactly those reasons systematize principles... Pleased to produce modular carpeting that is designed and mass-produced using the material SundaHus! All do our part 'll send you our best flooring & interior design content, once a week ) a! Same is true with Cradle to Cradle design happening is in the.... By Cradle to Cradle certificate for their products the EU with the people who are doing making!